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World Suicide Prevention Day- How Can Save Someone by 'Working together to Prevent Suicide'

Suicide is an ongoing phenomena in our society, a harmful intention to kill one's own life most often by feeling a depression and a deep sense of hopelessness about the future, with little expectation that circumstances can improve. In another way, it can be defined as an escape from the burdens and responsibilities.

September 10 is known for the World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD).  The International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) collaborates with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH) to host World Suicide Prevention Day.

This year’s theme focuses on a specific aspect of suicide. This theme aims to make suicide prevention more effective globally. This is the third year in a row that the  WSPD has used this theme. The theme suggests, “We all have a role to play and together we can collectively address the challenges presented by suicidal behaviour in society today.”

According to WHO, close to 800 000 people die due to suicide every year, which is one person every 40 seconds. Suicide is a global phenomenon and occurs throughout the lifespan. Effective and evidence-based interventions can be implemented at population, sub-population and individual levels to prevent suicide and suicide attempts. There are indications that for each adult who died by suicide there may have been more than 20 others attempting suicide.

What are the Key Factors Leading to Suicide

Many reasons could lead one to kill himself. Even though the utter facts of suicide is unknown. Some risky factors are major psychiatric illness - in particular, mood disorders (e.g., depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia), substance abuse (primarily alcohol abuse), family history of suicide, long term difficulties with relationships with friends and family, losing hope or the will to live, indebtedness and so on.

“For each suicide, approximately 135 people suffer intense grief or are otherwise affected. This amounts to 108 million people per year who are profoundly impacted by suicidal behaviour. Suicidal behaviour includes suicide and also encompasses suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. For every suicide, 25 people make a suicide attempt and many more have serious thoughts of suicide,” says IASP.

How Pandemic Played to Increase Suicide Rates

Now the deadly pandemic have engulfed many lives, beyond that it might became the reason under many self killings. The last six months of this pandemic are already associated with distress, anxiety, fear of contagion, depression, insomnia, acute stress disorder and imminent post-traumatic stress disorders among the general population and healthcare professionals.

 Economic crisis is crucial behind all those loosing lives. Money is the common factor found in all the leading factors. Even in upper, middle and low class people money playing a big role. Due to the coronavirus outbreak many lose their business growth, many collapsed their huge investments.In low grade people the poverty became a big deal and hopelessness on future and will choose ultimate solution suicide. 

The COVID-19 survivors are also at increased suicide risk. Consequently, the risk for suicide has globally peaked. It is imperative to proactively work on decreasing stress, anxiety, loneliness and aimlessness in general population.

How Can Prevent Suicide Attempts

This year we are focusing on the theme of connection and working together to prevent suicide. Every lives may have many challenges. Once a situation, never persists long, will change in every seconds. So never lose hope. Never choose suicide as the ultimate solution to your life.

The IASP works towards preventing suicidal behaviour amongst people, alleviating its effects, and they also provide a forum for people to contact and make distress calls.

 According to IASP, people who take their own lives represent a heterogeneous group, with unique, complex and multifaceted causal influences preceding their final act. Such heterogeneity presents challenges for suicide prevention experts. These challenges can be overcome by adopting a multilevel and cohesive approach to suicide prevention.

As the message suggests, working together can reduce the suicide thoughts. 

  • First and foremost we have to become a good listener. As we know talking to someone will be a good stress reliever.
  • Working to take away the stigma around depression and encouraging people who are hurting to get the help that they need right away can go a long way in saving lives because the problem is dealt with before it gets too bad.
  • Spreading of anti suicidal campaigns can reach the increasing concerns of suicidal attempts to everyone.
  • If they seem to be in imminent danger of hurting themselves, do not leave them alone. Take steps to get them away from any means that they could use to hurt themselves, such as weapons or pills.
  • A good mentor or a good trained psychiatrist can prevent suicidal tendencies.

Plan nationally and act locally, the mantra during current times is building resilience, overcoming stigma about mental illness and restoring hope through connect, communicate and care.

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