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Tips to Build a Healthy Heart-- The Types and Symptoms of Heart Diseases and Treatments

Today is the World Heart Day. A properly working heart is mandatory to everyone. It was launched in 2000 by the World Heart Federation as an annual event that was planned to conduct every last Sunday of September. However, they decided to fix it on every 29th day of September and it has been celebrated on that day ever since.

Think what happens when our heart beats muted...we will be no longer. So it is important for people with heart conditions to take proper precautions. Those above 60 years and with any kind of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) must practice strict social distancing and other measures such as handwashing and getting timely check-ups done. In case of any unusual symptoms, they must contact a specialist immediately.

According to WHO, CVDs take the lives of 17.9 million people every year, 31% of all global deaths. Triggering these diseases – which manifest primarily as heart attacks and strokes – are tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and the harmful use of alcohol. 

We have to know what are the heart disease and detect it from the prior symptoms and make safe our heart before going to the danger state.

Heart diseases can be defined as a range of conditions that affects the functioning of your heart. There are different types of heart diseases found. So the heart disease symptoms depend on what type of heart disease you have.

Let’s check it detailly;

Types and symptoms of heart diseases

1. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
CAD is the most common heart problem found- the blockages in your Coronary arteries, that the vessels that supply blood to your heart. The CAD leads to decrease in the flow of blood to your heart muscle, which may decrease the oxygen you may need in your blood.

  • Chest Pain- feel pressure or tightness in your chest called Angina, usually occurs on the middle or left side of chest.
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue with activity 
  • Nausea
  • Heart Attack - Women are more likely than men to have less typical signs and symptoms of a heart attack, such as neck or jaw pain.
2.Congenital Heart Disease 
This is the general term for some deformities of the heart that have been present since birth.
Examples are:

Septal defect- These are holes in the wall that divides the left and right sides of your heart.

Cyanotic heart disease- A defect in the heart causes a shortage of oxygen around the body

  • A blue tinge to the skin
  • Rapid heart beat 
  • Rapid breathing 
  • Swelling in the lungs, tummy and around the eyes.
  • Shortness of breath
  • Extreme tiredness and fatigue 
  • Swelling in the hand, ankles or feet
When you have an arrhythmia, your heart will have an irregular beating pattern. Arrhythmia occurs when the electrical impulses in the heart that coordinate the heat beat do not work properly.
Arrhythmias can become fatal.

  • Fatigue or weakness 
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Rapid heartbeat or pounding in the chest
  • Shortness of breath and anxiety 
  • Chest pain or Pressure 
  • Fainting 
4. Dilated cardiomyopathy 
The heat chambers become dilated as a result of heart muscle weakness and cannot pump blood properly. The most common reason is that inefficient amount of oxygen reaches the heart muscle, due to coronary artery disease.

  • Fatigue. 
  • Shortness of breath. 
  • Reduced ability to exercise.
  • Chest pain .
  • Swelling in legs,ankles and feet.
  • Swelling on abdomen due to fluid buildup.
  • Extra or unusual sounds heated when your heart beats.
5.Myocardial infarction
This is also known as a heart attack, cardiac infarction, and coronary thrombosis. An interrupted blood flow damages or destroys part of the heart muscle. This is usually caused by a blood clot that develops in one of the coronary arteries and can also occur if an artery suddenly narrows or spasms.

  • Pressure, tightness, pain, or a squeezing or aching sensation in your chest or arms that may spread to your neck, jaw or back.
  • Nausea, indigestion, heartburn or abdominal pain.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Cold sweat.
  • Fatigue.
  • Lightheadedness or sudden dizziness.
6.Heart failure
Also known as congestive heart failure, heart failure occurs when the heart does not pump blood around the body efficiently.The left or right side of the heart might be affected. Rarely, both sides are. Coronary artery disease or high blood pressure can, over time, leave the heart too stiff or weak to fill and pump properly.

  • Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you exert yourself or when you lie down
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Swelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and feet
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm
  • Increased need to urinate at night
  • Swelling of your abdomen (ascites)
  • Very rapid weight gain from fluid retention
  • Lack of appetite and nausea
  • Difficulty concentrating or decreased alertness
  • Sudden, severe shortness of breath and coughing up pink, foamy mucus
  • Chest pain if your heart failure is caused by a heart attack
7. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
This is a genetic disorder in which the wall of the left ventricle thickens, making it harder for blood to be pumped out of the heart. This is the leading cause of sudden death in athletes. A parent with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has a 50 percent chance of passing the disorder on to their children.

  • Chest pain, especially with physical exertion.
  • Shortness of breath, especially with physical exertion.
  • Fatigue.
  • Arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms)
  • Dizziness.
  • Lightheadedness.
  • Fainting (syncope)
  • Swelling in the ankles, feet, legs, abdomen and veins in the neck.
8.Pulmonary stenosis
It becomes hard for the heart to pump blood from the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery because the pulmonary valve is too tight. The right ventricle has to work harder to overcome the obstruction. An infant with severe stenosis can turn blue. Older children will generally have no symptoms.

  • Heart murmur — an abnormal whooshing sound heard using a stethoscope, caused by turbulent blood flow.
  • Fatigue.
  • Shortness of breath, especially during exertion.
  • Chest pain.
  • Loss of consciousness (fainting)
9.Mitral regurgitation
Also known as mitral valve regurgitation, mitral insufficiency, or mitral incompetence, this occurs when the mitral valve in the heart does not close tightly enough. This allows blood to flow back into the heart when it should leave. As a result, blood cannot move through the heart or the body efficiently.

  • Abnormal heart sound (heart murmur) heard through a stethoscope
  • Shortness of breath (dyspnea), especially when you have been very active or when you lie down
  • Fatigue
  • Heart palpitations — sensations of a rapid, fluttering heartbeat
  • Swollen feet or ankles
10.Mitral valve prolapse
The valve between the left atrium and left ventricle does not fully close, it bulges upwards, or back into the atrium. In most people, the condition is not life-threatening, and no treatment is required. Some people, especially if the condition is marked by mitral regurgitation, may require treatment.

  • A racing or irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, often during physical activity or when lying flat
  • Fatigue.

Causes of Heart Diseases

Age. Aging increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and weakened or thickened heart muscle.
Sex. Men are generally at greater risk of heart disease. However, women's risk increases after menopause.
Family history. A family history of heart disease increases your risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a parent developed it at an early age (before age 55 for a male relative, such as your brother or father, and 65 for a female relative, such as your mother or sister).
Smoking. Nicotine constricts your blood vessels, and carbon monoxide can damage their inner lining, making them more susceptible to atherosclerosis. Heart attacks are more common in smokers than in nonsmokers.
Certain chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy for cancer. Some chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapies may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Poor diet. A diet that's high in fat, salt, sugar and cholesterol can contribute to the development of heart disease.
High blood pressure. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of your arteries, narrowing the vessels through which blood flows.
High blood cholesterol levels. High levels of cholesterol in your blood can increase the risk of formation of plaques and atherosclerosis.
Diabetes. Diabetes increases your risk of heart disease. Both conditions share similar risk factors, such as obesity and high blood pressure.
Obesity. Excess weight typically worsens other risk factors.
Physical inactivity. Lack of exercise also is associated with many forms of heart disease and some of its other risk factors, as well.
Stress. Unrelieved stress may damage your arteries and worsen other risk factors for heart disease.
Poor hygiene. Not regularly washing your hands and not establishing other habits that can help prevent viral or bacterial infections can put you at risk of heart infections, especially if you already have an underlying heart condition. Poor dental health also may contribute to heart disease.

Heart Diseases- Types, Symptoms,Causes and Treatment You Must Know

There are two main lines of treatment for heart disease. Initially, a person can attempt to treat the heart condition using medications. If these do not have the desired effect, surgical options are available to help correct the issue.

A very wide range of medication is available for the majority of heart conditions. Many are prescribed to prevent blood clots, but some serve other purposes.

The main medications in use are:
  • Statins, for lowering cholesterol
  • Blood thinners, such as warfarin, for preventing blood clots
  • bBeta-blockers, for treating heart attack, heart failure, and high blood pressure
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, for heart failure and high blood pressure.
Heart surgery is an option for people with heart disease, but it can be debilitating.Heart surgery is an intensive option from which it can take a long time to recover.However, they can be effective in treating blockages and heart problems for which medications may not be effective, especially in the advanced stages of heart disease.

The most common surgeries include:
  1. Angioplasty, in which a balloon catheter is inserted to widen narrowed blood vessels that might be restricting blood flow to the heart
  2. Coronary artery bypass surgery, which allows blood flow to reach a blocked part of the heart in people with blocked arteries
  3. Surgery to repair or replace faulty heart valves
  4. pacemakers, or electronic machines that regulate a heartbeat for people with arrhythmia
  5. Heart transplants are another option. However, it is often difficult to find a suitable heart of the right size and blood type in the required time. People are put on a waiting list for donor organs and can sometimes wait years.
Tips to Build Healthy Heart
  1. Avoid Smoking
  2. Laugh loudly
  3. Eat Dark Chocolates
  4. Exercise Regularly
  5. Burn the Fat and Carbs
  6. Take a Nutritious Breakfast regularly
  7. Walk as much You can
  8. Eat nuts
  9. Reduce the salt intake
  10. Avoid using white poison---sugar 

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