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14 Firefighters Injured; NASA Found Fire-breathing clouds over Creek Fire; Northern and Central California was again under Siege

At least 14 firefighters and bulldozer operators were injured Tuesday while fighting the Dolan Fire in central California, the U.S. Forest Service said Tuesday.

Nearly 14,000 firefighters are currently battling 25 major wildfires across California. The fires have burned over 2.2 million acres of the state, with 3,300 structures destroyed and eight reported deaths.

This year recorded as the worst wildfire in California, which broke 2018 's large fire of about 1.9 Million acres. The scientists said that the fire will grow as the continued heat wave and the wind patterns.

 The massive fire was caused by a smoke-generating pyrotechnic device used during a gender reveal party Saturday morning, according to a California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection press release. The devices are sometimes used to release blue or pink smoke to announce the gender of an expected baby.

On September 6 Governor Gavin Newsom had declared a state of emergency in 5 counties.

Los Angeles County reported its highest-ever temperature of 49.4C (121F) on Sunday. Temperatures have dropped since then, but high winds are expected to fan the flames until Wednesday.

Northern and Central California was again under siege Wednesday as Diablo winds fanned the flames of roaring, historic fires burning virtually uncontrolled. Fifteen firefighters were injured after deploying emergency shelters as flames from the Dolan Fire destroyed a fire station in the Los Padres National Forest on the state’s central coast, the U.S. Forest Service said. 

"These firefighters received injuries that included burns and smoke inhalation while defending the Dolan Firehouse," said Incident Commander Rob Allen. Three were flown to a hospital in Fresno, and Allen said one suffered critical injuries and another serious injuries. 

NASA  observed  Pyrocumulonimbus clouds over the California fires on the weekend, forming after dust, heat and smoke pumped into the atmosphere. The clouds appeared over the Creek Fire between Shaver Lake, Big Creek and Huntington Lake, California, which began on September 4. 

Aerosol index image of NASA showing some of the highest values recorded from a pyrocumulonimbus cloud in the U.S.

A pyrocumulus cloud forms from rising air that results from intense heating of the surface by phenomena such as wildfires or volcanic eruptions.

The US space agency said: "A cumulonimbus without the "pyre" part is imposing enough - a massive, anvil-shaped tower of power reaching five miles (eight kilometres) high, hurling thunderbolts, wind and rain.

"Add smoke and fire to the mix and you have pyrocumulonimbus, an explosive storm cloud actually created by the smoke and heat from fire, and which can ravage tens of thousands of acres.

"And in the process, 'pyroCb' storms funnel their smoke like a chimney into Earth's stratosphere, with lingering ill effects."

Dr Colin Seftor, an atmospheric scientist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, said: "The pyrocumulonimbus cloud created aerosol index values indicate that this is one of the largest - if not the largest - pyroCb events seen in the United States."

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